Semiconductor Physics, Quantum Electronics & Optoelectronics. 2002. V. 5, N 1. P. 16-24.
PASC: 61.43.Bn, 41.20.Nr, 71.23.-k
Atomic and electronic structure of a-SiC
Institute of Problems of Materials Science, NAS
of Ukraine, 3 Krzhyzhanovsky str., 03142 Kyiv, Ukraine
Abstract. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations based on an empirical potential approach have provided detailed information about chemical ordering and the structural short-range order in stoichiometric amorphous silicon carbide (a-SiC). Recursion band structure calculations based on amorphous geometries obtained from the MD simulations have enabled one to ascertain the mechanism of an influence of homopolar bonds, three-fold (T3) and five-fold (T5) coordinated defects, strongly disordered four-fold coordinated sites (T4) and atoms, which are first nearest neighbors of these defects influencing on the distribution of electronic states. We have found that electronic states at the middle of the gap can be associated with these kinds of defects with the exception of antisite defects (like-atom or homopolar bonding). It is the problem of chemical ordering in the stoichiometric amorphous silicon-carbon alloy that is the main subject of the present work. In contrast to crystalline SiC, in a-SiC, the resonance states at the valence band top associated to Si-Si homonuclear bonds split for the low symmetry amorphous surrounding, which gives rise to the additional split states at the band gap bottom. As a result, in the amorphous material, the decrease of chemical ordering is accompanied by narrowing the band gap. The suggested band model of a-SiC agrees rather well with the available experimental results on the electronic distribution in this alloy.
Keywords: amorphous silicon carbide, chemical ordering, molecular
dynamics, recursion method.