Semiconductor Physics, Quantum Electronics & Optoelectronics. 2002. V. 5, N 1. P. 106-114.

PACS: 42.40.-i, 42.70.Ln

Multilevel computer-generated holograms for reconstructing 3-D images in combined optical-digital security devices
V.I. Girnyk1), S.O. Kostyukevych2), P.Ye. Shepeliavyi2), A.V. Kononov1), I.S. Borisov1)

1) STC “Optronics”, LTD, Kiev Taras Shevchenko University, Radiophysical Dept., 2 build 5 prospekt acad. Glushkov, 03137 Kyiv, Ukraine;
Phone: +380 (44) 266 9235; phone/fax: +380 (44) 252 5597; e-mail: optronics@ukr.net
2) Institute of Semiconductor Physics, NAS of Ukraine, 45 prospekt Nauky, 03028 Kyiv, Ukraine

Abstract. Computer-generated holograms (CGHs) integrated within combined optical-digital security devices (CO/DSDs) are described in this work. They can restore the monochrome and color 3D images in white light. To record them, the Electron Beam Lithography (EBL) is used. Our investigations on optimization of synthesis and recording the CO/DSDs with the integrated in it multilevel CGHs of 3D images possessed horizontal parallax only (HPO) are presented here. The CGH fabrication process is mainly composed of two parts: calculation of the interferogram data (ID) and their recording. Calculation of the ID is done as follows: firstly, the geometrical and optical constants of recording scheme and the object surface represented by the elemental self-radiating areas, are determined, secondly, the basic parameters accounting for discretization of ID in hologram plane is defined. The ID values can be derived by calculation of the necessary elemental object areas bipolar intensities sum. Next, over suitable quantization of ID, recording the rectangle data appropriate for EBL onto glass coated with non-organic photoresist based on As40S40Se20 is performed. We have also investigated reciprocal influence of an optical part of the CO/DSD and a digital one.

Keywords: computer-generated holograms, Electron Beam Lithography, combined optical-digital security devices, interferogram data, 3D images, horizontal parallax only, multi color, bipolar intensity.
Paper received 10.12.01; revised manuscript received 23.01.02; accepted for publication 05.03.02.

Full text in PDF (Portable Document Format)  [PDF 735K]
The copies of  separate papers in PDF format can be ordered using the address
journal@isp.kiev.ua .