Semiconductor Physics, Quantum Electronics & Optoelectronics, 22 (4), P. 452-456 (2019).

Smart energy systems
Tsukasa Yoshida, He Sun and Ajit Khosla

Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Yamagata University, 4-3-16 Jonan, Yonezawa, Yamagata 992-8510, Japan E-mail:

Abstract. Some aspects of renewable and smart energy systems have been considered. Comparison of different renewable energy sources such as offshore wind, land-based wind, biomass, PV Solar, hydro-electric and geothermal has been demonstrated. The shift from solar cells (energy production) to batteries (energy storage) is the mainstream in the modern power supply. One of promising technology for the storage station is redox flow battery (RFB). RFBs can also be used as the power sources for electric vehicles. There is another type of batteries, the so-called metal-air batteries (such as Zn-air, Al-air), these are the smartest energy systems for mobile applications.

Keywords: smart energy systems, power supply, energy storage.

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