Semiconductor Physics, Quantum Electronics & Optoelectronics, 26 (1), P. 076-083 (2023).

Optical characteristics of silver-based nanocomposites fabricated by an environmentally friendly method

T.O. Malakhovska1, A.I. Pogodin1, M.J. Filep 1,2 , M.M. Pop1, Ya.I. Studenyak1, K.M. Nemesh1, R. Mariychuk3 , V.V. Vakulchak1 , V. Komanicky4, S. Vorobiov4

1Uzhhorod National University, 46, Pidhirna str., 88000 Uzhhorod, Ukraine
2Ferenc Rakoczi II Transcarpathian Hungarian College of Higher Education, Kossuth Sq. 6, 90200 Beregovo, Ukraine
3University of Presov, Faculty of Humanity and Natural Sciences, Department of Ecology,
17th November 1, Presov 08116, Slovakia
4P.J. Safarik University, Institute of Physics, Faculty of Science, Park Angelinum 9, 04154 Kosice, Slovakia
*Corresponding author e-mail:

Abstract. This work presents a simple and environmentally friendly method of synthesis of chitosan and Ag nanocomposites. The structure of the obtained organic matrix was determined by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Formation of chitosan- chitin copolymer was discovered. Nanocomposite films with silver content of 9–71 wt.% were prepared. The microstructure and elemental composition of the obtained films were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The prepared films are characterized by uniform distribution of silver nanoparticles in the organic matrix. Optical properties were studied by diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The diffuse reflectance spectra of the films have maxima. The increase of the Ag 0 concentration in the nanocomposite films was found to lead to the maximum shift of the diffuse reflectance spectra to longer wavelengths. The optical transitions energies were estimated using the Kubelka–Munk function in combination with the Tauc method.

Keywords:chitosan, nanoparticles, composites, scanning electron microscopy, diffuse reflectance spectroscopy.

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