Semiconductor Physics, Quantum Electronics & Optoelectronics, 27 (1), P. 095-108 (2024).

The conductivity effect of the top coating on optical properties of thin Cu(Ag)-layered structures

P.O. Kovanzhi1*, I.H. Hyrman1, V.G. Kravets2, O.S. Kondratenko3, L.V. Poperenko1

1Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, 60, Volodymyrska str., 01033 Kyiv, Ukraine
2Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, Oxford Road,
Manchester M13 9PL, UK
3V. Lashkaryov Institute of Semiconductor Physics, NAS of Ukraine, 45,
prosp. Nauky, 03680 Kyiv, Ukraine
*Сorresponding author e-mail:

Abstract. This study examines the optical properties of thin Cu (Ag)-layered structures covered with protective layers based on graphene, titanium (TiO2), or aluminium (Al2O3) oxides. The objective is to investigate the impact of these coatings on the optical behaviors of underlying metallic layers, specifically in the spectral range of excitation of surface plasmon resonances. Combining the methods of spectroreflectometry and spectro-ellipsometry was used to analyze the optical characteristics of the hybrid metal-oxide-graphene films. The study shows that graphene, due to its exceptional electrical conductivity and unique optoelectronic properties, significantly modifies the optical behavior of investigated structures. It includes notable changes in refractive and absorption indices, and optical conductivity indicating potential for enhancing light-matter interactions in plasmonic-graphene layered structures with the aim to apply as biosensor. It is important that addition of TiO2 and Al2O3 layers has also strong effects on the optical properties, which are relevant to their respective applications in the fields of optoelectronics and microelectronics. Employing the effective medium approximation and the Tauc–Lorentz model promotes deeper understanding the interplay between interband and intraband electronic transitions at the nanoscale level. It was revealed that the layer thickness of constituted materials and their individual dielectric functions together with addition of a graphene monolayer commit the significance for altering the optical properties of hybrid layered structures. The obtained results are important for the fields of plasmonics and nanotechnology, providing insights for designing sensors and devices with improved optical characteristics.

Keywords:thin-film optics, graphene coatings, spectroellipsometry, plasmonics, biosensing applications.

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