Semiconductor Physics, Quantum Electronics & Optoelectronics, 25 (2), P. 185-195 (2022).

Nanophysics in modern medicine

V.Z. Lozovski1,2, V.S. Lysenko2, N.M. Rusinchuk1

1Institute of High Technology, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine
2V. Lashkaryov Institute of Semiconductor Physics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Corresponding author e-mail:;

Abstract. Nanophysics is rapidly developing for the recent couple of decades. Unique physical properties of materials at the nanoscale are the reason for this rapid development. Ideas, materials and structures of nanophysics have found their wide application in related fields of modern science, including biology and medicine. This short review is devoted to the application of nanophysics in modern medicine. The main focus was on application of ideas and physical phenomena of nanophysics in oncology and antiviral therapy. We have focused on the use of nanosystems both for tumor imaging and for the struggle against some types of tumors. The use of nanoparticles as nanocontainers for targeted drug delivery was briefly discussed. We also demonstrated how the effects of nanophysics can be used to develop new non-traditional methods of antiviral therapy. The focus of these methods was the idea of physical (field) action of nanoparticles on the viruses, which is based on the local-field enhancement effect that is the reason of ponderomotive forces acting on the viruses up to destruction of viral envelopes.

Keywords: nanophysics, nanoparticles, oncology, antiviral therapy, ponderomotive forces.

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