Semiconductor Physics, Quantum Electronics & Optoelectronics. 2007. V. 10, N 3. P. 095-102.

Calculation of Fermi level location and point defect ensemble in CdTe single crystal and thin films
V.V. Kosyak, A.S. Opanasyuk

Sumy State University 2, Rimsky-Korsakov str., 40007 Sumy, Ukraine Phone: 38(0542)392237, fax: 38 (0542) 334058, e-mail:,

Abstract. With the use of expressions obtained from the “first principles”, the ensemble of point defects was calculated, and the location of a Fermi level in undoped cadmium telluride single crystals and thin films depending on physico-technological conditions of their fabrication and annealing is determined. The model in use accounts the most complete spectrum of defects in chalcogenide, including defects in the cadmium and tellurium sublattices, and the existence of an antistructural defect on the cadmium sublattice. Calculations of the concentration of neutral and charged defects are realized for two extreme cases – full equilibrium and quenching. The comparison of the obtained results with the data of modeling provided with the use of a quasichemical formalism for a number of models most used presently is carried out. It is shown that all models describe well the results of Hall measurements of the concentration of free carriers in single crystals in the range of high cadmium pressure, but give essentially different results in the range of high tellurium pressure. Dominant defects in single crystals at high cadmium pressure and annealing temperatures are twice charged tellurium vacancies or interstitial cadmium atoms, which is in agreement with experimental results, as just such defects can provide the dependence of the concentration of free carriers on cadmium pressure as 3 1 Cd ~ P n . A type of defects which are dominant in a tellurium-enriched material is determined by the chosen model. This allows us to make conclusions about the validity of the considered models and to specify the thermodynamic parameters of the defect creation processes in a material. The offered model can be used for modeling the ensemble of point defects in any А2В6 compounds. Thus, the problem of the choice of models adequate to experimental data is reduced to the determination of the creation energy for uncharged defects and the depth of energy levels of charged defects.

Keywords: cadmium telluride, point defects, quasichemical formalism, “ab initio” approach, single crystals, thin films.

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