Rotating bi-electron in two-dimensional systems with mexican-hat single-electron energy dispersion

V.A.Kochelap

Department of Theoretical Physics, V. Lashkaryov Institute of Semiconductor Physics, NAS of Ukraine,
41, prosp. Nauky, 03680 Kyiv, Ukraine; e-mail: kochelap@ukr.net

Abstract. A number of novel two-dimensional materials and nanostructures demonstrate complex single-electron energy dispersion, which is called the mexican-hat dispersion. In this paper, we analyze interaction of a pair of electrons with such an energy dispersion. We show that relative motion of the electron pair is of a very peculiar character. For example, the real space trajectories corresponding to electron-electron scattering can have three reversal points, reversal points at non-zero radial momentum and other unusual features. Despite the repulsive Coulomb interaction, two electrons can be coupled forming a composite quasi-particle – the bi-electron. The bi-electron corresponds to excited states of the two-electron system. Because the bi-electron coupled states exist in continuum of extended (free) states of the electron pair, these states are quasi-resonant and have ﬁnite times of life. We found that rotating bi-electron is a long-living composite quasi-particle. The rotating bi-electrons can be in motion. For slowly moving bi-electrons, we have determined the kinetic energy and the effective mass. Due to strongly nonparabolic energy dispersion, the translational motion of the bi-electron is coupled to its internal motion. This results in effective masses dependent on quantum states of the bi-electron. In the paper, properties of the bi-electron have been illustrated for the example of bigraphene in a transverse electric ﬁeld.
We have suggested that investigation of rotating bi-electrons at the mexican-hat single-electron energy dispersion may bring new interesting effects in low-dimensional and low-temperature physics.

Keywords: bi-electron, energy dispersion, bigraphene.