Semiconductor Physics, Quantum Electronics & Optoelectronics, 24 (4), P. 450-456 (2021).

Effect of optical fiber core diameter on Brillouin scattering loss
M.A. Humayun1, M.N. Hasan1, M.A. Rashid2, A. Kuwana3, H. Kobayashi3

1Department of EEE, Eastern University, Ashulia Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
2Department of EEE, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali-3814, Bangladesh
3Division of Electronics and Informatics, Gunma University, 1-5-1 Tenjin-cho, Kiryu, Gunma, Japan
Corresponding author e-mail: marashid.eee@

Abstract. This paper reports the effect of core diameter of optical fiber cables on stimulated Brillouin scattering loss, which is one of the major loss characteristics of an optical fiber communication system. Analysis of this loss characteristic at three windows of the operating wavelength of a laser has been carried out through a numerical approach. Among different types of optical fiber cables, multi-mode step index silica fiber, multi-mode graded index silica fiber and plastic fibers have been considered for the numerical analysis. The numerical analysis has been performed using MATLAB in this research work. Through the comparative analysis, it has been ascertained that the Brillouin scattering loss is not only affected by the operating wavelength, but also by the core diameter of the different type of the cable. From the investigation of the comparative analysis, it is revealed that Brillouin scattering loss declines with the application of multi-mode graded index silica fiber. However, in the plastic fiber category, plastic step index fiber offers better performance.

Keywords:Brillouin scattering loss, core diameter, operating wavelength, graded index fiber, step index fiber.

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