Semiconductor Physics, Quantum Electronics & Optoelectronics. 2007. V. 10, N 1. P. 004-012.

The radiation hardness of pulled silicon doped with germanium
A.P. Dolgolenko, G.P. Gaidar*, M.D. Varentsov, P.G. Litovchenko

Institute for Nuclear Research, NAS of Ukraine, 47, prospect Nauky, 03680 Kyiv, Ukraine, fax: 380-44-5254463 * Corresponding author: e-mail:
2Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata 700 032, India

Abstract. The radiation hardness of Czochralski grown n-type silicon samples doped with germanium (N Ge = 2×10 20 cm −3 ) and without it was investigated after irradiation by fast neutrons. The dependence of the effective carrier concentration on fluence was described in the framework of Gossick’s corrected model. It was found that doping the germanium impurity resulted in increase of n-Si radiation hardness. The isothermal annealing of n-Si 〈Ge〉 after fluence 1.4×10 14 n o ⋅cm −2 was studied. It was shown that the annealing of defect clusters is caused by the annihilation of vacancy type defects in clusters with interstitial defects. For di-interstitial (Е 1 = 0.74 eV; ν 1 = 3.5×10 6 s −1 ), silicon interstitial atom (Е 2 = 0.91 eV; ν 2 = 7×10 6 s −1 ) and vacancy (Е V = 0.8 eV; ν = 1×10 7 s −1 ) the migration energies and frequency factors were determined. During the storage at room temperature, the behaviour of defect levels E c −0.17 eV and E c −0.078 eV was studied in the samples of Si (DOFZ) and Si 〈Ge〉, correspondingly.

Keywords: silicon, neutron irradiation, radiation hardness, radiation defects, clusters.

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