Semiconductor Physics, Quantum Electronics & Optoelectronics. 2016. V. 19, N 1. P. 067-074.

Analysis of the silicon solar cells efficiency. Type of doping and level optimization
A.V. Sachenko1, V.P. Kostylyov1, M.V. Gerasymenko2, R.M. Korkishko1, M.R. Kulish1, M.I. Slipchenko2, I.O. Sokolovskyi1*, V.V. Chernenko1

1V. Lashkaryov Institute of Semiconductor Physics, NAS of Ukraine 41, prospect Nauky, 03028 Kyiv, Ukraine
2Kharkiv National University of Radio Electronics 14, Lenin ave., 61166 Kharkiv, Ukraine
*Corresponding author e-mail addresses: (A.V. Sachenko), (V.P. Kostylyov), (M.V. Gerasymenko), (R.M. Korkishko), (M.R. Kulish), (M.I. Slipchenko), (I.O. Sokolovskyi), (V.V. Chernenko)

Abstract. The theoretical analysis of photovoltaic conversion efficiency of highly effective silicon solar cells (SC) has been performed for n-type and p-type bases. Considered here is the case when the Shockley–Read–Hall recombination in the silicon bulk is determined by the deep level of Fe. It has shown that, due to asymmetry of recombination parameters inherent to this level, the photovoltaic conversion efficiency is increased in SC with the n-type base and decreased in SC with the p-type base with the increase in doping. Two approximations for the band-to-band Auger recombination lifetime dependence on the base doping level are considered when performing the analysis. The experimental results are presented for the key characteristics of SC based on a-Si:H–n-Si heterojunctions with intrinsic thin layer (HIT). A comparison between the experimental and calculated values of the HIT cell characteristics has been made. The surface recombination velocity and series resistance are determined from it with a complete coincidence of the experimental and calculated SC parameters’ values. Apart from the key characteristics of SC, surface recombination rate and series resistance were determined from the results of this comparison, in full agreement with the experimental findings.

Keywords: silicon solar cell, heterojunction, doping level, Shockley–Read–Hall recombination, Auger recombination.

Full Text (PDF)

Back to Volume 19 N1